This is a set of clinical interventions that are performed for the emergency care of cardiac arrest, stroke and other heart problems of patients.
What does it involve?
It involves the following:
When a patient suffers from sudden cardiac arrest, immediate CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is usually provided since it is a vital link in the chain of survival.
The other important link is early Defibrillation, which has been improved with the advent and wide availability of automated external defibrillators (AEDs)
CPR is the emergency procedure that involves the combination of chest compressions with artificial ventilation to manually preserve the brain’s function intact. This is done till other measures are taken to restore the spontaneous blood circulation and breathing for a person undergoing cardiac arrest.
For patients not responding to CPR, with no breathing or abnormal breathing, agonal respirations are recommended. CPR alone cannot restart a heart, it is mainly performed to restore a partial oxygenated blood flow to the brain and heart and delay tissue death and increase the window of opportunity for a successful resuscitation without permanent brain damage.
This treatment is used for life threatening conditions like cardiac dysrhythmias. A defibrillator is a device that transmits a dose of electric current to the heart that will depolarize a large part of the heart muscle stopping the dysrhythmia.
It can be external, transvenous or implanted depending on the device used and now there AEDs available that can automate the diagnosis of the rhythms that can be treated which allows bystanders with no experience to use.
Who can be involved in administering it?
Only qualified medical professionals must be involved in emergency cardiac care. This includes:
Some health professionals can be trained in basic life support like CPR.