Moles are small, dark brown skin growth that appears during childhood and adolescence. They are caused by clusters of pigmented cells that may change in appearance or fade away over time. They can develop anywhere on the body, including Face, scalp, armpits, under the nails, and between the fingers and toes. Hormonal changes during adolescence and pregnancy can cause moles to become darker and larger.
Moles come in different colors, shapes and sizes:
- Color and texture: Moles can be brown, tan, black, red, blue or pink colored with a smooth, wrinkled, flat or raised texture.
- Shape: Most moles are oval or round in shape.
- Size: Moles are usually less than 1/4 inch.
Moles are developed when cells in the skin melanocytes grow in clusters or clumps. Melanocytes produce melanin, the natural coloring pigment that gives the skin color. Moles can lead to the development of a condition known as Melanoma with a higher risk of the moles becoming cancerous. Regular examine of moles to identify any change in size, color or shape is advisable to treat the condition before the rise of any complications.
The doctor diagnoses the condition by looking at the skin. During a skin examination, the doctor inspects your skin from all over the body and checks if they are cancerous by taking a tissue sample (biopsy) for microscopic examination.
Mole removal is performed on an outpatient basis and is minimal invasive with less pain. Moles can be removed by:
- Cutting / Excision: During the excision method, the area around the moles is treated with a local anesthetic and the mole is cut out along with a small area of the surrounding healthy skin. The surgeon uses a scalpel or surgical scissors to cut the mole that has grown underneath the top layer of skin and require a few stitches to close the skin. This results in a small Scar that will fade over time.
- Shave removal: This method involves the shaving down of the mole with a scalpel. Before shaving, the area surrounded with a mole is numbed with a local anesthetic. After the removal, only a small pink mark will be left as a mark.
- Freezing: Non – cancerous mole that are not deeply rooted are removed by the freezing technique. This method uses liquid nitrogen to remove the layers of the mole and eventually removes the mole. The treatment leaves a small blister on the skin.
- Laser Removal: Laser treatment is performed on small and non-cancerous moles that do not show off above the surface of the skin and helpful for removing multiple moles at the same time. This laser device emits intense bursts of light radiation to break down the mole cells in the skin. This method of treatment requires two or three treatment appointments and is recommended methods of removing moles that are hard to reach areas of the face or ears.
At Jacob Hospital, kochi we provide treatment services for all types of skin moles and disorders with the best and latest treatment techniques from well qualified and experienced Cosmetic Specialist to restore and revive skin condition. To know more about treatment for moles and treatment cost, book an appointment now.
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