Warts are small rough skin growths that occur on the fingers or hands. They appear as tiny black dots that are small, clotted blood vessels. Warts are formed in children and adults who have weakened immune systems. They are caused by a virus that is transmitted by touch from an infected individual. Warts can be painful, irritating and embarrassing and may spread to other parts of the body. Biting nails may spread the Infection to nails.
Warts appear in various shapes and sizes, as a bump with a rough surface or flat and smooth. Tiny blood capillaries grow into the wart to supply it with blood. The types of warts are classified based on the location of warts:
- Common warts camera (appear singly or in groups on the hands)
- Plantar warts ( develop on any part of the foot)
- Flat warts ( develop on the face, arms, or legs)
- Filiform warts ( develop around the mouth, nose, and beard area)
- Periungual warts (develop under and around the toenails and fingernails)
Warts occur on the fingers or hands and symptoms include:
- Small and fleshy bumps
- Change in color-white, pink or tan colored
- Rough texture
- Appear as black dots
Warts are caused by an infection with the human papillomavirus and are spread from skin-to-skin contact by an infected person. The virus spreads through cuts or breaks in the skin.
Warts are diagnosed by one or more of following techniques:
- Examining the wart: the top layer of the wart is scrapped off to check for dark, pinpoint dots (clotted blood vessels)
- Shave biopsy: a small section of the wart is removed and send for analysis to rule out other types of skin growths
If left untreated the warts may disappear but may take a year or two and new ones may develop nearby. The treatment approaches are based on the location and symptoms of the warts. The treatment method involves destroying the warts and stimulates the immune system response to fight the virus.
- Stronger peeling medicine: this method involves salicylic acid and the acid removes the wart by removing layers of a wart a little bit at a time.
- Freezing (cryotherapy): Freezing therapy involves applying liquid nitrogen to the wart. Liquid nitrogen instantly freezes the wart and causes a blister to form under and around the wart. Later, the dead tissue falls off within a week or so. Freezing method also stimulate the immune system to fight viral warts and require repeated treatments.
- Other acids: if both above techniques do not produce effective results then the doctor suggests bichloroacetic or trichloroacetic acid to remove the warts. During the procedure the doctor shaves the surface of the wart and applies the acid with a toothpick and the wart layers are peeled off.
- Laser treatment: Pulsed-dye laser treatment burns the affected tiny blood vessels and infected tissue eventually dies, and the wart falls off.
- Lifestyle and home remedies: Alternative treatments include applying ointments with zinc or silver nitrate on the wart to remove the warts.
At Jacob Hospital, Kochi we provide treatment services for all types of skin disorders with the best and latest treatment techniques from well qualified and experienced specialists to restore and revive skin condition. To know more about treatment for warts and treatment cost, Book an Appointment now.
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