It is asthma or a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs and cause periodic attacks of coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. These attacks might occur few times a day or few times a week. In some cases, it occurs at night or during exercises.
Bronchial Asthma is caused by a combination of genetic and Environmental factors. Exposure to air pollution and allergens comprise the environmental factors.
Asthma is classified depending on the frequency of the symptoms, forced expiratory volume in one second and peak expiratory flow rate. Asthma can also be classified as Atopic (extrinsic) or non-atopic (intrinsic) based on the symptoms caused by the allergens.
Allergy is the immune system’s reaction when exposed to mostly harmless substances or allergens like pollen, mold etc. The immune system acts as body’s defense system to treat the allergens as harmful and disrupt normal body functions and this reaction is called allergic reaction. Proper Immunization can prevent such disease's.
The allergies that cause asthma include:
|Animal skin & saliva||Dust mites||Cockroach particles|
Food allergies rarely cause asthma but cause severe life threatening reactions. Some of the foods with allergic symptoms are:
Food preservatives can trigger asthma and additives like sodium bisulfite used in the food processing industry are used to prepare foods like:
|Dried fruits & vegetables||Potatoes (packaged)|
|Wine & beer||Bottled lime or lemon juice|
|Shrimps (fresh,frozen or prepared)||Pickled foods|
Asthma symptoms might not occur during a doctor’s visit and symptoms are important for a correct diagnosis. There are tests that will help in diagnosing Asthma like:
The doctor, on diagnosing, will recommend medications, which include Asthma inhalers and pills, and also lifestyle changes to treat and prevent asthma. Bronchial Asthma sufferers have to keep their inhalers near them at all times for all kinds of emergencies.
Some of the preventive measures are:
Please consult with our doctors at Jacob’s Hospital for effective management of Asthma.