Contraception methods are measures used to prevent pregnancy. There are many different types of contraception methods including:
Long-acting reversible contraception is the most effective type of long term barrier and includes:
Intra uterine device (IUD): small, T-shaped item that goes inside the uterus (Copper IUD, Hormonal IUD).
Implant: The implant is inserted in the arm and slowly releases a hormone called progestogen. They act by stopping the body from releasing an egg each month and thicken the mucus in the cervix so sperm cannot reach an egg.
Hormonal Contraceptives use hormones to prevent pregnancy and include:
Combined oral contraceptive pills
Progestogen only contraceptive pills
Barrier methods prevent the sperm from entering the vagina and reaching the egg for fertilization. They prevent unexpected pregnancy and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. The two barrier methods are:
Emergency Contraception is used when there was an occurrence of unplanned sexual intercourse and there are two options for emergency contraception:
The ECP is approved to be taken up three days after unprotected sex. This method of prevention is found to be effective in women of an average weight. Copper IUD is recommended for women who weigh more than 70 kg and has to be inserted up to five days after unprotected sex. Emergency contraception methods can be used when:
Fertility awareness is about attaining the knowledge on the signs of fertility in the menstrual cycle. Understanding the menstrual cycle helps to plan and avoid a pregnancy. a normal menstrual cycle follows a gap of 28 days. Ovulation or the release of an egg happens around the 12-18th day of the previous menstrual cycle. Understanding the day of an ovulation helps to plan and avoid pregnancy accordingly. A mature egg is viable for 24 hours in the fallopian tube. If the sperms are not able to reach the egg, fertilization do not happen.
Permanent contraception also known as sterilization is a permanent method of making an individual infertile and prevents all future pregnancies. Permanent contraception can be done for both males and female. In males the process is known as vasectomy and for females, it is known as tubal ligation.
At Jacob hospital, we offer the contraception techniques and sexual health review from well qualified and experienced specialists. To know more about contraception method that is suitable for you, book an appointment now.