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Uterine conditions and diseases affect the uterus the internal reproductive organ in women. The growth of the fetus takes place in the uterus. One of the early signs of uterine diseases is excessive bleeding due to the presence of fibroids, cancer, infection, or pregnancy to name a few.

Common uterine diseases are:

  • Fibroids:
    • Growths in the wall of the uterus
    • Also known as leiomyoma
    • Generally cause no symptoms but can cause pain and bleeding
    • Difficulty in passing urine if the growth is large
    • Intake of GnRH can make the fibroids shrink
    • Growths in the wall of the uterus
  • Endometriosis
    • Tissue that lines the uterus grows in other parts of the body as well
    • Can cause severe pain and abnormal uterine bleeding
    • Surgical treatment options are:
      • Laser laparoscopy
      • Hysterectomy
      • Bowel resection
      • Cutting of sacral nerves
  • Ovarian cysts
    • Non-malignant fluid-filled sacs
    • Cyst can grow big and cause pain
    • Surgery is required if cyst is > 2 cms or is causing symptoms
    • Options for treatment
      • Cystectomy
      • Oopherectomy
      • Hysterectomy
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
    • PID is an infection starting in the vagina
    • Caused due to STD or sexually transmitted disease
    • The infection can spread throughout the body
    • Treatment options
      • Drainage of abscess
      • Surgical removal of scar tissue
      • GenerRemoval of infected organs
  • Cervicits
    • Inflammation of the cervix
    • Large amounts of vaginal discharge
    • Vaginal bleeding not associated with menstrual periods
    • Frequent and painful urination
    • Causes are
      • Sexually transmitted infection
      • Allergic reactions
      • Overgrowth of bacteria
  • Endometrial hyperplasia
    • The endometrium or uterine lining becomes too thick
    • Caused due
      • to excessive estrogen production without progesterone
      • long-term uses of high dosages of estrogen

At Dr. Jacob’s Hospital treatments and therapies include dilation and curettage or D&C, endometrial ablation and laparoscopy

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