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Sprains

Sprained Ankle Treatment Kochi | Ligament Tear Diagnosis Ernakulam

What is a sprain?


Sprain occurs when one or more ligaments in a joint are torn or damaged, usually from a trauma or overstretching. Ligaments are fibrous connective tissue connecting different bones together.

Sprains can occur as a minor injury that heals in a few days to a major rupture of the ligaments that requires surgery to fix this. Ankles and wrists are the most common joints affected by sprains.

The different types of sprains are:

  • First Degree Sprain: the ligament’s fibers are stretched but they are intact.
  • Second Degree Sprain: tear of a part of the ligament, either a third to almost all of its fibers.
  • Third Degree Sprain: complete rupture of the ligament.

Sprain Causes

Sprains are usually caused when the joint is used beyond its functional range of motion. In some cases, the ligaments are overstretched either from excessive stress on that joint, causing a rupture.

Some factors like exercising suddenly after having a sedentary lifestyle. Another factor is the lack of a proper warm-up before playing or doing any type of physical activity, this mainly implies for athletes.

Sprain Symptoms

The common symptoms for a sprain are:

  • Pain is experienced around the sprained region, sometimes with the onset of spasms.
  • Swelling usually occurs, in some cases causing inflammation.
  • Bruising also occurs leading to bleeding.
  • Limited range of motion of the sprained limb
  • Popping sound when ligament ruptures
  • Difficulty in using the affected joint.

Sprain Diagnosis


The doctor performs a physical examination of the painful region and also might recommend the following diagnostic tests to confirm:

  • X-rays to get a clear image of the bones and ensure there is no Fracture.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to look at the surrounding soft tissues and ligament and see the extent of the injury and damage to other tissues.


Sprain Treatment


The recommended first-aid right after an injury causing a sprain is best known as RICE. This treatment procedure will help relieve pain and reduce and help heal the sprain on its own.

  • Rest: reduce or stop using the injured area for sometime it recovers before resuming.
  • Ice: apply icepack to the injured area for 20 minutes or so.
  • Compression: Use elastic wraps, splints etc., to compress and injured body part to reduce swelling
  • Elevation: Keep the injured part elevated above the level of the heart.


When the following symptoms are seen, it is recommended to consult a medical professional as soon as possible:

  • If the injured joint cannot be used or it is unstable and numb.
  • Development of redness or reddish streaks that spread out from the injured region. This could be an Infection.
  • If this is a repeated injury.
  • If there is severe pain, inadequate or delayed treatment can cause long term joint instability and chronic pain.

The doctors might recommend surgery depending on the extent of the injury. Sometimes, they might just recommend medications to help heal the sprain.

Prevention
A warm-up session of 5-10 minutes involving stretching and exercising muscles will equip oneself to a more strenuous activity. Warm-ups will increase blood flow to the muscle and make it more flexible.


Our Orthopaedic Doctor will perform these services with the utmost care and concern.

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