Sprain occurs when one or more ligaments in a joint are torn or damaged, usually from a trauma or overstretching. Ligaments are fibrous connective tissue connecting different bones together.
Sprains can occur as a minor injury that heals in a few days to a major rupture of the ligaments that requires surgery to fix this. Ankles and wrists are the most common joints affected by sprains.
The different types of sprains are:
Sprains are usually caused when the joint is used beyond its functional range of motion. In some cases, the ligaments are overstretched either from excessive stress on that joint, causing a rupture.
Some factors like exercising suddenly after having a sedentary lifestyle. Another factor is the lack of a proper warm-up before playing or doing any type of physical activity, this mainly implies for athletes.
The common symptoms for a sprain are:
The doctor performs a physical examination of the painful region and also might recommend the following diagnostic tests to confirm:
The recommended first-aid right after an injury causing a sprain is best known as RICE. This treatment procedure will help relieve pain and reduce and help heal the sprain on its own.
When the following symptoms are seen, it is recommended to consult a medical professional as soon as possible:
The doctors might recommend surgery depending on the extent of the injury. Sometimes, they might just recommend medications to help heal the sprain.
A warm-up session of 5-10 minutes involving stretching and exercising muscles will equip oneself to a more strenuous activity. Warm-ups will increase blood flow to the muscle and make it more flexible.
Our Orthopaedic Doctor will perform these services with the utmost care and concern.