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COLONOSCOPY

A Colonoscopy or Lower GI endoscopy is conducted to diagnose diseases and defects in the lining of the large intestine - colon and rectum. The colonoscope is a long tube about the thickness of the index finger, flexible with a bright light fitted at its end. Apart from diagnosis some of the lesions or diseases like polyps can be treated as well. Polyps and other abnormal tissue of small dimensions can be removed through the scope. Foreign bodies can be extracted too.

colonoscopy in kochi, ernakulam

To investigate and examine signs and symptoms during rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, chronic constipation, and other associated intestinal problems:

Indications for a lower GI Endoscopy

  • Maroon stools
  • Black coloured, tarry stools along with upper gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Frank Blood or blood seen in stool under the microscope
  • Colon cancer
  • Polyps
  • Colon cancer or polypsin the family
  • Altered bowel habits
  • Other diseases such as Hemorrhoids, anorectal fistulas
  • Regular evaluation after resection of cancer

Preparation and procedure at Dr. Jacob’s Hospital

  • The patient is required to completely empty the colon (residues may obstruct the view)
  • Solid foods will be avoided a day before the exam with only intakes of clear liquids
  • Prescriptive laxatives may be given a night before the colonoscopy
  • Usually over-the-counter enema kits may be prescribed
  • Patients suffering from Diabetes, high blood pressure and heart problems will be advised to adjust medications as prescribed
  • Sedation or anaesthesia is usually recommended – a mild sedative in the form of an injection may be given
  • Intravenous pain medications are given to provide comfort to the patient during the procedure
  • Patient is made to lie sideways on the exam table
  • A long tube that measures the length of the colon (colonoscope) is inserted through the anus
  • Air is simultaneously pumped to inflate the colon for a better view
  • The procedure takes no more than 20 minutes to an hour

At Jacobs Hospital, Kochi a thorough pre-procedure evaluation is done, which, in the elderly may include cardiac evaluation to ensure safety of the patient.

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