Commonly it is the two major salivary glands that get diseased and need surgical intervention: Parotid and Submandibular
Surgical removal of the parotid gland is also known as Parotidectomy, where surgery is performed to remove the parotid gland due to a tumour, Infection or blockage. Typically the procedure is performed following the rapid growth of abnormal cells that divide quickly. While most of the parotid gland tumours are benign a small portion of them can be malignant or cancerous. This may affect the superficial or deep lobes of the gland or both needing either a superficial parotidectomy or a total parotidectomy. It may also affect the surrounding tissues or structures calling for a more extensive resection.
The submandibular salivary gland is usually affected by blockage of its duct by a salivary calculus or stone resulting in an infection. It does not settle with medication alone and needs a removal of the gland. Rarely this gland can also be affected by Cancer which again needs resection of the gland. Tumors and infections of other salivary glands are rare.
Jacobs Hospital, Kochi has expert otolaryngologists and a surgical team providing care for salivary gland disease. Cancer of the parotid gland is rare and physicians at Jacobs Hospital are highly experienced to perform the procedure.