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Immunizations

immunization,vaccination in Kochi

What is Immunization or Vaccination?

It is the process by which the immunes system of a person is fortified using a small amount of a weakened agent, either bacteria or virus or a lab-manufactured protein, to prevent infection by the same virus or bacteria.

In short, when you are immunized, you are injected with a weakened form of that disease, which triggers your immune system, causing it to produce antibodies to fight that ailment or include other processes that increase immunity.

Immunizations prevent diseases, which is a much easier and more cost-effective than treating them. Immunizations have helped protect people from Infectious diseases and prevent epidemics.

Types of Immunization or Vaccination

Immunization can be achieved by:

  • Active Immunization
    This occurs when the person comes in contact with the microbe, naturally. This leads to the immune system to create antibodies and other defenses against this microbe and infections.

Artificial Active Immunization is the process of injecting the microbe into the person before taking it naturally. The diseases that is dealt by this type of immunization or vaccines are:

Measles Mumps Rubella
Yellow Fever Varicella Rotavirus
Influenza (LAIV) MMR  
  • Passive Immunization
    This includes transferring pre-synthesized elements, like anti-bodies, to a person who need not produce these elements. This method works quickly but is short-lived since these anti-bodies breaks down naturally and the body doesn’t produce more of them.

This can happen either physiologically, from mother to fetus during pregnancy, or through administering of injection of a particular disease, like tetanus.

Some of the recommended immunizations or vaccines for children of ages 0-6 are:

Hepatitis B Rotavirus Pneumococcal
Poliovirus Influenza Hepatitis A
Meningococcal Varicella (Chickenpox) Haemophilus Influenzae Type B
DPT: Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis MMR: Measles, mumps, Rubella

There might be a few mild side effects, like soreness or redness around the injection site and low fever. This will disappear in a few days. Some children might have severe reaction to some vaccines; the doctor must be informed of this.

Please don’t forget to consult our doctors to get your child’s immunizations done at the right time.

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