Intensive care Service
What is Intensive Care Service?
It is the provision of sophisticated life support to patients. The department handling this service is the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with specialist doctors and nurses, trained in treating critically-ill patients.
These units cater to patients, both adults and children, with severe and life-threatening illnesses and injuries that require constant and close monitoring and support using specialist equipment and medications in order to ensure normal bodily functions.
The common conditions that are treated in ICU’s are:
- ARDS or Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome:
Associated with inflammation of lungs in critically ill patients.
Any injury leading to prolonged disability or death.
- Multiple Organ Failure:
Malfunctioning of organs in critically ill patients, which require intervention to maintain homeostasis or normal functioning.
The body’s response to infections, in turn, causes injury to its own tissues and organs.
Types of ICU’s
The different specialities for ICU’s are:
- Neonatal ICU:
For neonatal patients or babies right after birth, with conditions like prematurity, congenital disorders etc.
- Pediatric ICU:
For critically ill pediatric patients suffering from Asthma, Influenza or traumatic brain injury.
- Psychiatric ICU:
Self-harming patients are admitted here for continuous monitoring.
- Coronary Care Unit:
Patients with life-threatening heart diseases like cardiac arrests etc.
- Neurological ICU
For patients with aneurysms, brain tumors etc.
- Trauma ICU
Found in hospitals with a dedicated Trauma Emergency department.
Post-Anaesthesia Care Unit
Also known as post-recovery room for patients who underwent surgery.
For patients who are not in the life-threatening stage but need better care and monitoring compared to the ones in General Ward.
The standard ICU equipment include:
- Ventilators: helps with breathing using tube placed in mouth, nose or throat.
- Monitoring Equipment: measures important body functions like heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen level in blood.
- Defibrillator: to restore heart’s function by administering electric shock.
- IV lines and pumps: provide fluids, nutrition and medication intravenously.
- Feeding Tubes: placed in nose, tummy or vein for feeding patients who cannot eat normally.
- Drains and Catheters: are tubes to remove buildup of blood or other body fluids.
- The patient can be visited during the recommended times only.
- The visitor will be asked to wash hands before and visits to reduce risk of spread of Infection.
- The patients usually will be confused or drowsy due to medications, nothing to be worried.
- There will be tubes and equipment attached to the patient, don’t be alarmed.
- After leaving ICU, patients might feel weak, tired, appetite loss, sleeping problems etc., it will take some days for the patients to recover completely.
Jacob’s Hospital, Kochi has an ICU equipped with the standard equipment.
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