Laparoscopic Surgeries (Key- Hole Surgeries)
What is Laparoscopic Surgery?
Laparoscopic surgery, also called Keyhole surgery, is a minimal invasive surgery where the operations are performed remotely by creating small incisions usually in the abdomen, with the help of a video camera and thin instruments.
The main advantages of having this kind of surgeries over standard open surgery are:
- Lesser post-operative discomfort to the patient like pain and hemorrhaging, due to smaller incisions
- Faster Recovery
- Shorter hospital Stays
- Smaller scars
- Lesser internal scarring
The laparoscope, a optical fiber system that is used for viewing, is the main part of a laparoscopic surgery. It allows the doctors to view the damaged area by using a remote.
There are two types of laparoscope:
- Telescopic rod lens system connected to a video camera.
- Digital laparoscope with the Charge-coupled-device placed at the end of the laparoscope.
Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopy is a recent development in Laparoscopy, which uses robots for assistance with the procedure.
- The surgeon makes a tiny incision, usually near the patient’s navel.
- Carbon Dioxide is injected through a tube inserted through this incision, which will inflate the abdomen, allowing for a clearer view and more area to perform the procedure.
- The laparoscope that is used to relay the pictures to a viewing monitor is then inserted through this tube.
- If a surgery is involved, more incisions are made in the abdomen and specialized surgical instruments are inserted through these incisions and guided to the correct position, using the laparoscope. The surgery is conducted once they are in place.
- The carbon dioxide is pushed out of the abdomen to deflate it and then stitches are used to close the incisions.
- For diagnosis, laparoscopy might take less than an hour. For surgical reasons, it might last longer.
- Patients should inform the doctor about the medications being used.
- Pregnant patients must inform doctor of pregnancy to prevent harm to the child.
- Doctors will conduct blood tests, urinalysis, ECG, chest X-ray, MRI, Ultrasound or a CT scan to get a good visual of the abdomen and to improve laparoscopy’s effectiveness.
- Please avoid eating and drinking for at least 8 hours before the procedure.
- It is usually performed using General Anaesthesia.
- Recovery time of the patients will depend on the purpose of the laparoscopy. For diagnosis purposes, recovery takes around 5 days and for surgery, it depends on the type of procedure done.
- Patient will be monitored for the first day for any complications.
We have a highly experienced Laparoscopic Surgeon in Dr. Zubin Paul Jacob, who is also our Managing Director.
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