This is a medical procedure that involves the use of the endoscopic technique to provide nutrition in the form of foods & liquids and medication directly into the stomach using a PEG tube. This procedure is usually provided to patients who have trouble swallowing the food or who are sedated so that the patient receives the adequate level of nutrition. It employs the natural system of digestion artificially even though it bypasses the mouth.
The PEG tube is the small feeding tube that is inserted into the stomach through the abdominal wall. PEG tube is also used for stomach decompression in some cases like Gastric volvulus, which is the twisting of part or the whole stomach and also the bowel obstruction by a malignant mass. PEG tube could be used to provide gastric or post-surgical drainage.
The three stages of the PEG procedure are: